Thursday, September 9, 2010

Waiting to try again?

Medscape reports: August 26, 2010 — Women may not need to delay pregnancy after an initial miscarriage, according to the results of a retrospective, Scottish population–based cohort study reported Online First August 5 in the BMJ.

"How long a couple should wait before trying for another pregnancy after a miscarriage is controversial," write Eleanor R. Love, from the University of Aberdeen in Aberdeen, Scotland, and colleagues. "Some clinicians believe that there is little justification for delaying the next pregnancy, as an increased interpregnancy interval is unlikely to improve perinatal outcomes, whereas a new viable pregnancy and the birth of a child could enhance the women's chances of recovery.... Current guidelines from the World Health Organization recommend that women should wait for at least six months before trying again, whereas others suggest a delay of up to 18 months, based on reports that interpregnancy intervals of 18-23 months after a live birth can enhance maternal and perinatal outcomes in the next pregnancy."

"...Compared with an interval of 6 to 12 months between the miscarriage and second conception, an interval less than 6 months was associated with lower risks for repeated miscarriage , termination, and ectopic pregnancy. The risk for an ectopic second pregnancy was greater with an interpregnancy interval exceeding 24 months, as was the risk for termination.

"Women who conceive within six months of an initial miscarriage have the best reproductive outcomes and lowest complication rates in a subsequent pregnancy," the study authors write.

Limitations of this study include potential lack of uniformity in documenting gestational age and outcomes of interest as well as possible misclassification. This study also evaluated only miscarriages that led to hospital contact, and the findings therefore cannot be generalized to all women with a miscarriage."

Reported online August 5 in the BMJ. Eleanor R. Love, from the University of Aberdeen in Aberdeen, Scotland, and colleagues. The goal of this study was to evaluate the optimal interval to subsequent pregnancy after miscarriage in a first recorded pregnancy. At Scottish hospitals between 1981 and 2000, a total of 30,937 women who had a miscarriage in their first recorded pregnancy and subsequently became pregnant were followed up during the second pregnancy. (Source: Medscape, August 26, 2010 Laurie Barclay, MD CME Author: Désirée Lie, MD, MSEd) Best Blogger Tips

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